Being that there are way too many economists at the World Bank, their recent World Development Report 2011 on “Conflict, Security, and Development” focused a lot on the role of jobs, economic development, and institutional reform in rebuilding so-called “failed states.” But, I was still pleasantly surprised at the amount of text that did cover the critical role of trust and collaborative processes in rebuilding societies. Recommendations included having more South-North exchanges to share solutions to problems that both regions faced—like how to foster “tolerance and social bonds among communities that are ethnically and religiously divided.” Sound familiar? A small section of the report also focused on giving power (and funding) to representative community councils to make their own decisions on programs. The National Solidarity Program in Afghanistan—where block grants go directly to elected councils—is one example. My only question is why has it taken so long to get to this development paradigm?